1. China's revision of the Constitution has received much attention


Institutional reform is unprecedented


From January 18 to 19, the Second Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee was held in Beijing. The plenary session reviewed and approved the proposal to amend part of the constitution. On February 25, the 21 constitutional amendments of the CCP were announced. Among them, Xi Jinping’s new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics was enshrined in the Constitution, the provisions on the Chinese presidential system and the establishment of the State Supervision Commission and other proposals for constitutional amendments received much attention. On March 11, the third plenary meeting of the 13th National People's Congress voted to pass the Constitutional Amendment of the People's Republic of China. This is the fifth revision since the 1982 Constitution was promulgated and implemented. It is also considered to be the largest revision, reflecting the characteristics of the new era.


On March 21, the "Deepening Party and State Institution Reform Plan" issued by the CPC Central Committee was announced. Covering the eight major aspects of the Party Central Committee, the National People's Congress, the State Council, and the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, there are more than 60 small items, and the reform efforts are unprecedented.


2. Foreign media breakdown "Chinese miracle"


The world admires the reform and opening up


On December 18, 40 years ago, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee was held. The historic decision-making of reform and opening up changed China's destiny and changed the whole world. On December 18, 2018, the "Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening up" was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. The conference commended 100 "reform pioneers" and announced the list of 10 people who were awarded the China Reform Friendship Medal.


In 2018, reform and opening up became the focus of international public opinion. From setting up special economic zones in China, joining the World Trade Organization, hosting the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, and building the “Belt and Road” in China, the foreign media has detailed the key words of reform and opening up for 40 years, listing more than 700 million people out of poverty and becoming the world’s second largest economy. The Chinese miracle of the body. Many people are concerned: Will China continue to promote reform and opening up in the next 40 years? In this regard, President Xi Jinping gave a positive answer when he delivered a speech at the celebration meeting on December 18th. He called for the reform and opening up to the end and the people's longing for a better life.

3. Home-based diplomacy is fruitful


The surrounding relationship is comprehensive


From April 8th to 11th, Boao Forum for Asia was held in Hainan. From June 9 to 10, the first SCO summit after the expansion was held in Qingdao. From September 3 to 4, the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, which brought together leaders of dozens of African countries, was held. From November 5th to 10th, China hosted the first International Import Expo, the world's first import-themed national exhibition, attracting more than 3,000 companies from more than 130 countries.


At the same time that the home diplomacy was a great success, the surrounding environment also showed a positive and positive trend. From April 27th to 28th, President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Modi held an informal meeting in Wuhan, which was considered to be an important symbol of the resumption of the relationship between the two sides after the last year. From October 25th to 27th, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited China. This is the Japanese Prime Minister’s visit to China after seven years, at the important end of the 40th anniversary of the conclusion of the Sino-Japanese Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Abe said that he hopes to open a new era of "Japan-China relations with coordinated competition."


4. The United States is waving a tariff bar to China


Penns’ speech highlights the confrontational posture


On March 22, US President Trump announced plans to impose tariffs on Chinese imports worth $50 billion. From May to early June, China and the United States intensively conducted three rounds of economic and trade consultations, and once reached an agreement on not exchanging tariffs. But the United States went back, and on June 15, Trump announced a 25% tariff on $50 billion in Chinese goods. The Chinese side immediately announced the same countermeasures. On July 10, the United States announced plans to increase taxes on another 200 billion US dollars of Chinese goods. In the past few months, the international financial market has been turbulent, and people from all walks of life in the United States, led by farmers, complained.


With the trade war as the main line, this year's Sino-US relations are rampant. On October 4th, US Vice President Penns delivered a speech accusing China of various issues such as trade disputes, the South China Sea issue, and "intervention" in American politics. The outside world is worried that the speech is a "combat declaration" for the United States to open a "new cold war."


On December 1st, the meeting between China and the United States during the G20 summit in Argentina brought good news to the world: the trade was “closed” for three months, during which economic and trade negotiations were held.


5. "Jin Wenhui" achieves breakthrough


"Golden Special" creates history


On April 27, the 11-year-old Korean-Korean summit was held on the Korean side of the Panmunjom. This was the first time that North Korea’s top leaders embarked on Korean land since the Korean War. The DPRK and the ROK signed the "Panmen Store Declaration" to achieve the common purpose of denuclearization of the peninsula. In May and September, the Korean-Korean summit was held in Pyongyang on the Korean side of Panmunjom.


On June 12th, the “Golden Specialist”, which had been twisted and twisted, was held in Singapore. This is the first face-to-face meeting between the leaders of the DPRK and the United States in the 70 years since the peninsula split. Trump promised to provide security guarantees to North Korea, and Kim Jong-un promised that the peninsula would be completely nuclear-free.


China plays an important role in the Korean Peninsula issue. From March 25th to 28th, Kim Jong-un made his first visit to China since he took office. Less than three months later, Kim Jong-un visited China twice. At a critical moment in the complex evolution of the situation on the peninsula, the DPRK has maintained strategic communication with China on major issues.

6. Taiwan has been "broken off" by three countries


The DPP’s "Nine in One" fiasco


On May 1, Dominica announced that it had "broken off diplomatic relations with Taiwan" and signed a communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. On May 24, Burkina Faso and Taiwan broke off. In the past month, two "states of diplomatic relations" have been lost. The Taiwan authorities have rarely admitted to facing a "major diplomatic crisis." However, the "crossing tide" has not stopped. On August 21, El Salvador announced that it had "broken off diplomatic relations" with Taiwan and established diplomatic relations with mainland China. At this point, Tsai Ing-wen lost more than five "states of diplomatic relations" in the past two years, and currently there are only 17 left.


In the international community, it is unpopular and there is no popular people on the island. The DPP was defeated in the "Nine in One" election held on November 24: Among the 22 counties and cities on the island, the DPP fell from the previous 13 seats to 6 seats; especially in the past 20 years, it was regarded as the DPP. Kaohsiung, the base camp, was also won by the Kuomintang "popular star" Korea Yu. After the election, Tsai Ing-wen resigned as the chairman of the DPP.


7. The Kashuji case shocked the world


Saudi Arabia is under tremendous pressure


On October 2, the 59-year-old Saudi journalist Kashuji entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul to collect documents and has since disappeared. In recent years, Kasucci has gradually opposed the Saudi government, exiled to the United States, and became a columnist for the Washington Post. At first, Saudi Arabia denied that Kashoji was murdered until the first time that Kaschiji was killed on October 19. On November 15, he admitted that he was dismembered after being killed by Saudi agents. This incident has put Saudi Arabia under tremendous pressure from international public opinion, and the Saudi Crown Prince is suspected to be the behind-the-scenes ambassador. However, the Saudi government has repeatedly stressed that this is a "rogue action" that agents are "professional".


Great powers have their own minds in this case. Turkey is keeping up with the truth and trying to weaken Saudi Arabia, who is also an American ally and a regional competitor. Trump, who values the ally and interests of Saudi Arabia, has not been blamed for Saudi Arabia.


8. "Yellow vest" exercise swept France


Mark Long's reputation is falling straight


The "Yellow Vest" campaign, which began every Saturday since November 17, has caused France to fall into the biggest political and social crisis in 50 years. The protesters have caused large-scale riots in the center of Paris several times. The number of demonstrations in the whole law exceeded 150,000. The “yellow vest” was initially dissatisfied with the government’s plan to raise the fuel tax and then expanded to protest against the government’s weakening of purchasing power. French President Mark Long’s approval rate fell from 56% at the time of election to 18%. On December 5, Mark Long announced the cancellation of the fuel tax. On December 29th, the seventh "Yellow Vest" campaign will continue. The protesters also plan to gather at the Champs Elysées in Paris on the New Year's Eve.


On 11 December, a terrorist attack occurred in Strasbourg, where the European Parliament was located, killing at least three people. Many people are worried that France may encounter another wave of consecutive terrorist attacks from 2015 to 2016 in a chaotic situation.

9. Canada and the United States detained Huawei executives


Western suppression of Chinese enterprises


On December 1, Canada asked the United States to detain Meng Zhouzhou, the chief financial officer of Huawei, and the United States sought to extradite her. The reason for the detention was that Meng Xizhou was suspected of violating US sanctions against Iran, but Huawei denied the allegation. The Chinese side expressed strong protest against the US and Canada. Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Le Yucheng urgently summoned the Canadian ambassador to China to issue a solemn warning to the wrong practices of the two countries. At present, Meng Xiazhou is on bail.


The United States and Canada have no legal basis, and most foreign media believe that this is another move by the West to deliberately suppress Huawei. Under the persuasion and obstruction of the United States, Australia and New Zealand have refused to use Huawei's 5G technology this year. Japan and other countries are also wary of Huawei.


This year, the United States frequently resorted to suppressing Chinese technology companies, highlighting their anxiety about being overtaken. On April 16, the United States announced that it would "block" ZTE and prohibit US companies from selling parts to the company within seven years. Two months later, ZTE and the US reached a settlement agreement. On October 29, the US imposed export restrictions on Fujian Jinhua Integrated Circuit Co., Ltd. on the premise of no factual basis on the grounds of “national security”.


10. Many cultural celebrities have passed away


Raising the nostalgia boom at home and abroad


On December 15, China’s most influential historical novelist Er Yuehe died in Beijing at the age of 73. On November 12th, the 95-year-old "Father of Marvel" Stan Lee died in the United States. He is the godfather of the comics industry that changed the American entertainment industry. On October 30th, a generation of martial arts novels, Jin Yong, died in Hong Kong at the age of 94. "Where there are Chinese people, there is Jin Yong's martial arts." Jin Yong's death has triggered a global Chinese enthusiasm. On March 14, British physicist Stephen Hawking passed away at the age of 76. He is known for his "black hole theory" and his scientific work "A Brief History of Time" is sold worldwide.


In 2018, it was called "a year of farewell". The famous Taiwanese writer Li Wei, the mainland storytelling actor Shan Tianfang, the comic actor Shi Shengjie, the host Li Wei and other cultural and entertainment circles have all caused a wave of nostalgia on the Internet. .

2018年12月29日

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